Friday Nov 14 Stephanie Su

Stephanie Su

Ph.D. Candidate, University of Chicago, Department of Art History

The 1933 Chinese Art Exhibition in Paris: Constructing New Canons for European Audience

Exhibition entrance

Abstract:

This paper explores the formation of canons in art historical writing and exhibition through the lens of the Sino-Japanese relationship in the early twentieth century. Opened in June 1933, the Exposition de la Peinture Chinoise was the first large-scale exhibition on Chinese art in Paris, surveying its development from the Han dynasty to the early 1930s. It created a sensation in the Parisian art world, attracted unprecedented numbers of viewers and was widely covered by both French and Chinese media. Its significance, however, extended beyond its popularity. Motivated by the success of earlier Japanese art exhibitions in Paris, Xu Beihong (1895-1953), the curator of the Chinese exhibition, collaborated with French art museums, private collectors and Chinese artists to organize an exhibition that aimed to not only reclaim the cultural supremacy of China but also reconstruct new canons for European audience.  This paper examines Xu’s curatorial, rhetorical and visual strategies to engage overseas audience and historicize his own works within that narrative of Chinese art.  _________________________________________________

Stephanie Su is a Ph.D. candidate in the art history department. Her research interests include 20th century Chinese and Japanese art, Sino-Japanese relationship, the cultural exchange between Europe and East Asia, historiography, history of collecting and display, etc. She’s currently writing her dissertation on the visual representation of the past in the early twentieth century Japanese and Chinese painting.

Friday, Nov 14th, 4:30-6:30pm, CWAC 156
Persons with disability who may need assistance, please contact Tingting Xu tingtingxu@uchicago.edu.

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Friday Nov 7th Shaoqian Zhang

Shaoqian Zhang

Professor, Oklahoma State University, Department of Art, Graphic Design and Art History

 The Making of Harmony and War, from New Year Pictures to Propaganda Posters during China’s Second Sino-Japanese War

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Abstract:

Historically, Sino-Japanese cultural exchanges were dominated by a China-oriented mentality. This relationship shifted abruptly in the late nineteenth century with Japan’s rapid westernization and industrialization, which coincided with the cultural and political implosion of the Qing Dynasty, and was further inverted as Japan became a world power and China struggled to reassemble itself. It was thus with a sense of justification that the Japanese advertised themselves as the legitimate protector of East Asian culture, and key Chinese cities under their occupation became a battleground for what Japan called the New Order in East Asia. Some Japanese and Chinese were able to agree on a working relationship under a new structure of political authority, and a number of propaganda posters were produced to reflect these negotiations. After 1938, the Chinese Guomindang also began to pay attention to propaganda art. Based on original archival research of primary historical documents and visual analysis of important icons in those propaganda images, this article examines the subsequent war of propaganda prints between the Guomindang and the Japanese militarists during the 1930s and 1940s, and demonstrates how the Chinese were able to utilize a variety of signs, symbols and art techniques to create their own propaganda prints in the effort to break from New Order in East Asia.

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Prof. Shaoqian Zhang specializes in East Asian art and architecture, and teaches courses in Chinese and Japanese art and architectural history at OSU. She received her BA in traditional Chinese architecture from Beijing University, and MA and PhD in art history from Northwestern University. She joined the OSU faculty in 2011.

Zhang’s research and teaching interests focus on the history of Chinese printmaking and propaganda art, particularly in relation to representations of modernity, party-state and body politics. Her dissertation, “Visualizing the New Republic: Pictorial Construction of the Modern Chinese Citizen (1895-49),” examines how consistent, ubiquitous themes in traditional Chinese New Year prints evolved into a modern political propaganda language. She has published “The Supremacy of Modern Time: How Shanghai Calendars Reshaped the Image of China” in Modern Art Asia (Mar. 2011), “New Configuration of Gendered Development in Chinese Modern Movies (1930-40),” in Parnassus (March 2008) and “Comparative Analyses of Capital Cities in the Tang and Song Dynasties,” in Kaogu yu wenwu [Archeology and Culture Relics] (2002: Supplementary Issue).

Her current project centers on the war of propaganda art between China and Japan during World War II. She is intrigued by the historical interactions between China and Japan through the spread of print technologies, graphic design and modernization. Her other interests include the relationship between architectural representation and nationalism in China and Japan during the 1920s – 30s, the idea and visual embodiment of “Pan-Asianness” and post-1949 Chinese landscape paintings.

Zhang has been the recipient of research and writing grants, including Northwestern University Dissertation Year Fellowship, Mickenberg/Sosin Graduate Student Fellowship and Barbara Smith Shanley Graduate Travel Fellowship. Before coming to OSU, she worked as a visiting instructor at the University of Kentucky (2010-11) and Denison University (2009-10).

Friday, Nov 7th, 4:30-6:30pm, CWAC 156
Persons with disability who may need assistance, please contact Tingting Xu tingtingxu@uchicago.edu.

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THURSDAY Oct 30th Tingting Xu

Tingting Xu

Ph.D. Student, University of Chicago, Department of Art History

 Landscape in Pocket: Gong Xian’s Cloudy Peaks (1674)

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A section from Gong Xian (1619-1689), Cloudy Peaks, 1674. Handscroll, ink on paper. Photograph Courtesy The Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City.

Thursday, Oct 30th, 4:30-6:30pm, CWAC 156
Persons with disability who may need assistance, please contact Tingting Xu tingtingxu@uchicago.edu

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Friday Oct 10th Ken Tadashi Oshima

Prof. Ken Tadashi Oshima

University of Washington, Department of Architecture

Nihon no toshi kūkan: Approaches to the City Invisible

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This talk examines the conceptualization of Japanese urban space at the crossroads of the 1960s World Design Conference, with trajectories leading to both metabolic mega-structures and the preservation of indigenous villages.

Professor Oshima teaches in the areas of trans-national architectural history, theory, representation, and design. His publications include Architecturalized Asia (University of Hawa’ii Press/Hong Kong University Press, 2013), GLOBAL ENDS: towards the beginning (Toto, 2012), International Architecture in Interwar Japan: Constructing Kokusai Kenchiku (University of Washington Press, 2009) and Arata Isozaki (Phaidon, 2009). Currently 1st Vice President of the Society of Architectural Historians, he curated “Tectonic Visions Between Land and Sea: Works of Kiyonori Kikutake” (Harvard GSD, 2012), “SANAA: Beyond Borders” (Henry Art Gallery 2007-8), and co-curator of “Crafting a Modern World: The Architecture and Design of Antonin and Noémi Raymond” (University of Pennsylvania, UC Santa Barbara, Kamakura Museum of Modern Art, 2006-7).

Friday, Oct 10th, 4:00-6:00pm, CWAC 156
Persons with disability who may need assistance, please contact Tingting Xu tingtingxu@uchicago.edu.

 

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May 30 Nancy Lin

Friday, May 30, 4:00-6:00pm, CWAC 153 

The Colonial Korean Landscape and the Sketch Tour

Nancy Lin
Ph.D Candidate
University of Chicago

Kim Eunho Solitude

This paper will focus on the landscapes of colonial Korea by Japanese artists who participated in the “sketch tour” during the first decade of the colonial occupation (1910-1945).  After the annexation of Korea in 1910, Japanese artists such as Maeda Seison (1885-1977), Tsuji Kakō (1871-1931), and Ishii Hakutei (1882-1958), traversed across the recently formed colonial empire as they collectively took part in the utopian project of modernism. Working in both oil painting and the more traditional nihonga style, these artists documented their travels in paintings that were exhibited in official art venues in Japan but also published their thoughts and impressions in art journals, newspapers, and lavishly illustrated sketch travel books. They traveled through city centers and visited famous natural wonders such as the Diamond Mountains, producing a variety of sketches, prints, and writings that were published upon their return to Japan. These images and texts will be examined to in order discuss how artists functioned as crucial cultural agents as they moved across expanded boundaries and their influence went far beyond the aesthetic realm, helping to shape the image of the Other. This paper will ask the following questions: What socio-cultural frameworks impinged upon their thoughts and works? Was there a practice of strategic essentialism, defining their respective identities to their audiences? Was there a question of authenticity in the roles as cultural translators? By this, I mean to ask how their affiliation to their homeland were readily apparent in their depictions of the other landscape and the foreign environs in which they were surrounded.  These questions will be addressed in order to examine how the modern artist negotiated the concepts of the Self and Other within the visual culture of the colonial empire.

Friday, May 30, 4:00-6:00pm, CWAC 153

Persons with disability who may need assistance, please contact Anne Feng anf@uchicago.edu

 

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May 23 Wei-Cheng Lin

Friday, May 23, 4:00-6:00pm, CWAC 153

Chinese Temple of Art: Politics of the Chinese Art Collection during the 1930s through the Lens of the Nelson Gallery in Kansas City

Wei-cheng Lin
Assistant Professor
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

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When it opened in 1933, the Nelson Gallery of Art in Kansas City featured one of the best Chinese art collections of the time in not only quality but also strategy of display. It included a makeshift “Chinese Temple,” consisting of authentic architectural fragments and dislocated Buddhist artifacts, remodeled to bring about an ambience of art that was Chinese in character. Tracing the artifacts from their temples of origin in China to the Temple of Art in a western museum, conventional wisdom calls to interrogate the transnational cultural imperialism that made the collection possible during the first half of the twentieth century, as well as the institutional “frame” that dramatically altered its significance for a new audience. Yet the transition from a cultural object of one nation to a work of art of another is not always unequivocal, and any dislocation of art is necessarily political. This paper will unravel the complexity of the politics involved in the conception and creation of the Chinese art collection as observed in the Nelson Gallery. In particular, it will investigate the role of the authoritative “specialist”—i.e., dealers, curators, scholars—in the display of the collection informed through the intentional appropriation, alteration, and modification of the artwork to make the Chinese Temple of Art.

Friday, May 23, 4:00-6:00pm, CWAC 153

Persons with disability who may need assistance, please contact Anne Feng anf@uchicago.edu

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May 16 Stephanie Su

Friday, May 16, 4:30-6:30pm, CWAC 156

Imagining the Orient: Nakamura Fusetsu’s Chinese Subject Painting

Stephanie Su
PhD Candidate, University of Chicago

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This paper examines the politics of refashioning the past in early twentieth century Japanese art through a case study of Nakamura Fusetsu (1866-1943). During the modern period of nation-building and self-redefinition, the visual representation of “China” as an idealized cultural entity became contested terrain for Japanese painters, who gave form to their cultural assumptions and artistic ambitions. From 1901~1904, Fusetsu studied academic painting in France, and from 1907 to 1934, his submission for official exhibitions consistently included Chinese subjects based on that genre. The current scholarship categorized this body of works as “Chinese history painting;” however, Fusetsu himself in fact never used this term, instead, describing them as “Oriental subject” (tōyō daizai) paintings. Fusetsu’s characterization is worthy of notice. If they were not “history painting,” what were them and what should we call them? In addition, he articulated in his biography that his motivation for these works was to demonstrate the merits of the Japanese people. How could painting Chinese subjects manifest his cultural identity? By closely examining Fusetsu’s works within larger social-political contexts, this paper asks what role Chinese culture played in the development of modern Japanese art.

Friday, May 16, 4:30-6:30pm, CWAC 156

Persons with disability who may need assistance, please contact Anne Feng anf@uchicago.edu

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May 2 Wei Zheng

Friday, May 2, 4:30-6:30pm, CWAC 156

“魏晋南北朝考古的基本问题” 摘要
Fundamental Issues on Six Dynasties Archaeology
(presentation in Chinese)

Wei Zheng
Peking University
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The basic issues of Six Dynasties Archeology can by divided into three general aspects:

The first aspect considers methods on dealing with archeological materials. In recent fieldwork, the largest corpus of findings in the era are tombs, city ruins and above ground remains of cave shrines. With such archeological materials, the most important issue at hand is that of dating, which is the basis for any type of further inquiry. Once the dates of these findings are confirmed, we can then trace the development of each of these three types of archeological evidence, and localize their features and interrelationships.

The second aspect considers the main features of this time period, and the types of social issues that it gave rise to. These questions may be crucial for Six Dynasties archaeology, even though smiliar issues may not exist or be the main focus for other time periods. What is central to understanding Six Dynasties archaeology are issues such as transitional characteristics, mass migration, interaction with peripheral communities, elite society and culture, the rapid feudalization of northern regimes, the spread of religion, cultural exchange, etc. These specific questions are based upon the social context of the Six Dynasties period.

The third aspect considers the relationship between research on Six Dynasties history and archaeology. How do we interpret archoleogical findings through the lens of history? How do we intergrate historical texts and findngs in the field? These questions focus on issues of state regulations, rites and customs, as well as the econonimcal developments of this period. The three aspects that I have mentioned above should be taken as a intergrated whole, which cannot be clearly seperated from each other in scholarship and fieldwork.

Friday, May 2, 4:30-6:30pm, CWAC 156

Persons with disability who may need assistance, please contact Anne Feng anf@uchicago.edu

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April 16 Anne Feng

Wednesday, April 16, 4:30-6:30pm, CWAC 156
(This is a joint event with the Art History Working Group)

Waters on the Wall: Illusionism, Meditation and the Making of Western Paradise Images in China and Central Asia, 7th – 8th century

Anne Feng
Art History
Ph.D Student

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Wednesday, April 16, 4:30-6:30pm, CWAC 156
Persons with disability who may need assistance, please contact Anne Feng anf@uchicago.edu

 

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April 4 Guo Weiqi

Friday, April 4, 4:30-6:30pm, CWAC 156

“残帖上石与残碑入帖:围绕《黄庭经》残本的几个问题”
The Broken Yellow Court on Stone: Between Art History and Visual Culture

Guo Weiqi
Art History
Guangzhou Academy of Fine Arts

This presentation will be conducted in English.

东林书院

Friday, April 4, 4:30-6:30pm, CWAC 156
Persons with disability who may need assistance, please contact Anne Feng anf@uchicago.edu

 

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